Technical Papers

Neutral mine drainage water-quality impacts from a form taconite mine

Abstract:

Surface waters at the site of a former Minnesota taconite mine were reported to have solute concentrations elevated with respect to water-quality standards. Waste rock and ore generated from past mining were primarily from open pit mining of the Biwabik Iron Formation (BIF). The BIF is a variably bedded iron formation composed of inter-bedded cherty and slaty iron silicate and iron carbonate rich beds. A geochemical characterization was conducted to identify potential constituents of interest (COI), facilitate understanding of mechanisms controlling their environmental behavior at the site, and guide future site activities. Primary COI were determined to be SO4, hardness (predominately from Mg), alkalinity, Fe, Mn, and Al. BIF waste rock from the Lower Slaty members appears to be the primary source for the identified COI. Mechanisms of release are primarily attributed to pyrite oxidation and subsequent neutralization by dissolution of mixed-composition (Ca-, Mg-, Fe-, Mn-bearing) siderite and ankerite.

Citation:

Hanna, B. “Neutral Mine Drainage Water-Quality Impacts from a Former Taconite Mine,” in Tailings and Mine Waste ’10, pp. 241-252. CRC Press, 2010.Hanna, B. “Neutral Mine Drainage Water-Quality Impacts from a Former Taconite Mine,” in Tailings and Mine Waste ’10, pp. 241-252. CRC Press, 2010.

Authors:

Braden Hanna

Link to Full Text:

Water Quality Impacts of Mine Drainage.pdf

Latest News
  • Got Old Software? Itasca's latest versions offer many new features and are optimized to run faster on today's...
    Read More
  • Itasca Celebrates 40 Years Itasca is celebrating 40 years of solving geomechanical and hydrogeological challenges through engineering and computer...
    Read More
  • Stability and Stress-Deformation Analyses of Reinforced Slope Failure at Yeager Airport This paper describes the material properties along with the inverse limit-equilibrium and permanent deformation analyses...
    Read More

Upcoming Events
6 Aug
Itasca Training Collaborations
Quality courses offered outside Itasca.... Read More